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The model is declared inside a `model`

block:

- Block:
**model***;* - Block:
**model***(*`OPTIONS`…); -
*Description*The equations of the model are written in a block delimited by

`model`

and`end`

keywords.There must be as many equations as there are endogenous variables in the model, except when computing the unconstrained optimal policy with

`ramsey_model`

,`ramsey_policy`

or`discretionary_policy`

.The syntax of equations must follow the conventions for

`MODEL_EXPRESSION`as described in Expressions. Each equation must be terminated by a semicolon (‘`;`’). A normal equation looks like:`MODEL_EXPRESSION`=`MODEL_EXPRESSION`;When the equations are written in homogenous form, it is possible to omit the ‘

`=0`’ part and write only the left hand side of the equation. A homogenous equation looks like:`MODEL_EXPRESSION`;Inside the model block, Dynare allows the creation of

*model-local variables*, which constitute a simple way to share a common expression between several equations. The syntax consists of a pound sign (`#`

) followed by the name of the new model local variable (which must**not**be declared as in Variable declarations), an equal sign, and the expression for which this new variable will stand. Later on, every time this variable appears in the model, Dynare will substitute it by the expression assigned to the variable. Note that the scope of this variable is restricted to the model block; it cannot be used outside. A model local variable declaration looks like:#

`VARIABLE_NAME`=`MODEL_EXPRESSION`;It is possible to tag equations written in the model block. A tag can serve different purposes by allowing the user to attach arbitrary informations to each equation and to recover them at runtime. For instance, it is possible to name the equations with a

`name`

-tag, using a syntax like:model; ... [name = 'Budget constraint'] c + k = k^theta*A; ... end;

Here,

`name`

is the keyword indicating that the tag names the equation. If an equation of the model is tagged with a name, the`resid`

command will display the name of the equations (which may be more informative than the equation numbers) in addition to the equation number. Several tags for one equation can be separated using a comma.model; ... [name='Taylor rule',mcp = 'r > -1.94478'] r = rho*r(-1) + (1-rho)*(gpi*Infl+gy*YGap) + e; ... end;

More information on tags is available on the DynareWiki wiki.

*Options*`linear`

Declares the model as being linear. It spares oneself from having to declare initial values for computing the steady state of a stationary linear model. This option can’t be used with non-linear models, it will NOT trigger linearization of the model.

`use_dll`

Instructs the preprocessor to create dynamic loadable libraries (DLL) containing the model equations and derivatives, instead of writing those in M-files. You need a working compilation environment,

*i.e.*a working`mex`

command (see Compiler installation for more details). On MATLAB for Windows, you will need to also pass the compiler name at the command line. Using this option can result in faster simulations or estimations, at the expense of some initial compilation time.^{2}`block`

Perform the block decomposition of the model, and exploit it in computations (steady-state, deterministic simulation, stochastic simulation with first order approximation and estimation). See Dynare wiki for details on the algorithms used in deterministic simulation and steady-state computation.

`bytecode`

Instead of M-files, use a bytecode representation of the model,

*i.e.*a binary file containing a compact representation of all the equations.`cutoff =`

`DOUBLE`Threshold under which a jacobian element is considered as null during the model normalization. Only available with option

`block`

. Default:`1e-15`

`mfs =`

`INTEGER`Controls the handling of minimum feedback set of endogenous variables. Only available with option

`block`

. Possible values:`0`

All the endogenous variables are considered as feedback variables (Default).

`1`

The endogenous variables assigned to equation naturally normalized (

*i.e.*of the form where does not appear in ) are potentially recursive variables. All the other variables are forced to belong to the set of feedback variables.`2`

In addition of variables with

`mfs = 1`

the endogenous variables related to linear equations which could be normalized are potential recursive variables. All the other variables are forced to belong to the set of feedback variables.`3`

In addition of variables with

`mfs = 2`

the endogenous variables related to non-linear equations which could be normalized are potential recursive variables. All the other variables are forced to belong to the set of feedback variables.

`no_static`

Don’t create the static model file. This can be useful for models which don’t have a steady state.

`differentiate_forward_vars`

`differentiate_forward_vars = (`

`VARIABLE_NAME`[`VARIABLE_NAME`…] )Tells Dynare to create a new auxiliary variable for each endogenous variable that appears with a lead, such that the new variable is the time differentiate of the original one. More precisely, if the model contains

`x(+1)`

, then a variable`AUX_DIFF_VAR`

will be created such that`AUX_DIFF_VAR=x-x(-1)`

, and`x(+1)`

will be replaced with`x+AUX_DIFF_VAR(+1)`

.The transformation is applied to all endogenous variables with a lead if the option is given without a list of variables. If there is a list, the transformation is restricted to endogenous with a lead that also appear in the list.

This option can useful for some deterministic simulations where convergence is hard to obtain. Bad values for terminal conditions in the case of very persistent dynamics or permanent shocks can hinder correct solutions or any convergence. The new differentiated variables have obvious zero terminal conditions (if the terminal condition is a steady state) and this in many cases helps convergence of simulations.

`parallel_local_files = (`

`FILENAME`[,`FILENAME`]… )Declares a list of extra files that should be transferred to slave nodes when doing a parallel computation (see Parallel Configuration).

*Example 1: elementary RBC model*var c k; varexo x; parameters aa alph bet delt gam; model; c = - k + aa*x*k(-1)^alph + (1-delt)*k(-1); c^(-gam) = (aa*alph*x(+1)*k^(alph-1) + 1 - delt)*c(+1)^(-gam)/(1+bet); end;

*Example 2: use of model local variables*The following program:

model; # gamma = 1 - 1/sigma; u1 = c1^gamma/gamma; u2 = c2^gamma/gamma; end;

…is formally equivalent to:

model; u1 = c1^(1-1/sigma)/(1-1/sigma); u2 = c2^(1-1/sigma)/(1-1/sigma); end;

*Example 3: a linear model*model(linear); x = a*x(-1)+b*y(+1)+e_x; y = d*y(-1)+e_y; end;

Dynare has the ability to output the original list of model equations
to a LaTeX file, using the `write_latex_original_model`

command, the list of transformed model equations using the
`write_latex_dynamic_model`

command, and the list of static model
equations using the `write_latex_static_model`

command.

- Command:
**write_latex_original_model***;* -
*Description*This command creates two LaTeX files: one containing the model as defined in the model block and one containing the LaTeX document header information.

If your

`.mod`file is, then Dynare will create a file called`FILENAME`.mod, which includes a file called`FILENAME`_original.tex(also created by Dynare) containing the list of all the original model equations.`FILENAME`_original_content.texIf LaTeX names were given for variables and parameters (see Variable declarations), then those will be used; otherwise, the plain text names will be used.

Time subscripts (

`t`

,`t+1`

,`t-1`

, …) will be appended to the variable names, as LaTeX subscripts.Compiling the TeX file requires the following LaTeX packages:

`geometry`

,`fullpage`

,`breqn`

.

- Command:
**write_latex_dynamic_model***;* - Command:
**write_latex_dynamic_model***(*`OPTIONS`) ; -
*Description*This command creates two LaTeX files: one containing the dynamic model and one containing the LaTeX document header information.

If your

`.mod`file is, then Dynare will create a file called`FILENAME`.mod, which includes a file called`FILENAME`_dynamic.tex(also created by Dynare) containing the list of all the dynamic model equations.`FILENAME`_dynamic_content.texIf LaTeX names were given for variables and parameters (see Variable declarations), then those will be used; otherwise, the plain text names will be used.

Time subscripts (

`t`

,`t+1`

,`t-1`

, …) will be appended to the variable names, as LaTeX subscripts.Note that the model written in the TeX file will differ from the model declared by the user in the following dimensions:

- the timing convention of predetermined variables (see predetermined_variables) will have been changed to the default Dynare timing convention; in other words, variables declared as predetermined will be lagged on period back,
- the expectation operators (see expectation) will have been removed, replaced by auxiliary variables and new equations as explained in the documentation of the operator,
- endogenous variables with leads or lags greater or equal than two will have been removed, replaced by new auxiliary variables and equations,
- for a stochastic model, exogenous variables with leads or lags will also have been replaced by new auxiliary variables and equations.

For the required LaTeX packages, see write_latex_original_model.

*Options*`write_equation_tags`

Write the equation tags in the LaTeX output. NB: the equation tags will be interpreted with LaTeX markups.

- Command:
**write_latex_static_model***;* -
*Description*This command creates two LaTeX files: one containing the static model and one containing the LaTeX document header information.

If your

`.mod`file is, then Dynare will create a file called`FILENAME`.mod, which includes a file called`FILENAME`_static.tex(also created by Dynare) containing the list of all the steady state model equations.`FILENAME`_static_content.texIf LaTeX names were given for variables and parameters (see Variable declarations), then those will be used; otherwise, the plain text names will be used.

Note that the model written in the TeX file will differ from the model declared by the user in the some dimensions (see write_latex_dynamic_model for details).

Also note that this command will not output the contents of the optional

`steady_state_model`

block (see steady_state_model); it will rather output a static version (*i.e.*without leads and lags) of the dynamic model declared in the`model`

block.For the required LaTeX packages, see write_latex_original_model.

In particular, for big models, the compilation step can be very time-consuming, and use of this option may be counter-productive in those cases.

Next: Auxiliary variables, Previous: Parameter initialization, Up: The Model file [Contents][Index]